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Justification is one of the main parts of Salvation. The word Justification is defined as being the action of justifying someone. In respect toward salvation it is the act by which God declares the believing sinner righteous.
(Rom 3:25) Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
(Rom 3:26) To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness:
that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in
For something so important, it is hard to believe that one would not hear it many times in sermons. Sadly though, that is not the case. Justification should be a well known doctrine among the Christian brethren, yet all too many believe justification is simply God overlooking ones sins. That simply is not true. God had to find a way that he could justify the sinner while being just in his judgment. Man sinned and the wages of sin is death.
(Rom 6:23) For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
The solution of course was for God to send his son into the world and become the sacrificial Lamb for us. Jesus lived a perfect sinless life and then paid the ultimate price which was His precious blood shed for our sins.
(John 1:29) The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
(Col 1:14) In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
God takes his record of a perfect sinless life and recons it to be our record. In other words God imputes his record on us. He then takes our life and places it on the cross with Him.
(Rom 4:1-8 ) What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 7 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
God is able then to declare the believing sinner righteous by the act at calvary. He paid the price. His record is imputed to the beliving sinner. Nothing else will do. As mentioned in the above verses man can not be justified by his works. He must believe on the Lord Jesus Christ to be saved.
(Rom 10:13) For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.